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[英文图书] Reproductive Diversity of Plants An Evolutionary Perspective and Genetic Basis

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发表于 2016-12-25 17:53:01 | 显示全部楼层

Reproductive Diversity of Plants An Evolutionary Perspective and Genetic Basis

Reproductive Diversity of Plants An Evolutionary Perspective and Genetic Basis

Marines Marli Gniech Karasawa eds. Reproductive Diversity of Plants An Evolutionary Perspective and Genetic Basis

Preface

The evolution of biology, and the genetics of the diversity of reproductive system in plants is important to understand, conserve, and manage plant genetic resources where the reproductive system plays the major tool in the maintenance of the structure and genetic diversity in natural plant populations.

The Reproductive Diversity of Plants: An Evolutionary Perspective and Genetic Basis is divided into two topics. In the fi rst chapter, we present a comprehensive approach of the most important steps on the evolution of plant reproductive systems considering the earth condition at that time. In the second chapter, we discussed about the biology and genetics of the asexual and sexual plant reproductive system.

The book has several unique components, including the treatment of the succession of earth’s environmental conditions over the Phanerogamic as well as the biology and the genetics mechanisms underlying plant reproductive systems.

Piracicaba, SP, Brazil Marines Marli Gniech Karasawa


Contents

1 Evolution of Plants with Emphasis on Its Reproduction Form ............ 1
1.1 First Plants and the Alternation of Generations ............................. 1
1.2 Homospory, Heterospory and the Evolution of the Egg
and the Pollen Grain ......................................................................... 8
1.3 The Evolution of the Terrestrial Flora ............................................ 13
1.4 Evolution of Pro-gymnosperms and Gymnosperms .......................... 16
1.5 Evolution of Angiosperms ......................................................... 19
1.5.1 Unisexuality and Reproductive Strategies .............................. 27
1.5.2 Evolution of Unisexuality ....................................................... 29
1.5.3 Evolution of Self-Incompatibility Systems ............................ 32
1.5.4 Evolution of the Self-Fertilization System ............................. 33
1.5.5 Evolution of the Mixed Mating System.................................. 34
1.6 Evolutionary Implications ...................................................... 34
Bibliography ............................................................................... 37
2 Biology and Genetics of Reproductive Systems ......................... 41
2.1 Introduction ........................................................................ 41
2.2 Asexual Reproduction .......................................................... 42
2.2.1 Vegetative Reproduction ................................................... 42
2.2.2 Apomictic Reproduction ....................................................... 43
2.3 Sexual Reproduction .......................................................... 54
2.3.1 Why Sex? ....................................................................... 54
2.3.2 Advantages of Sex .............................................................. 55
2.3.3 Disadvantages of Sex .......................................................... 56
2.3.4 Gametogenesis and Fecundation ............................................ 56
2.3.5 Genetic Control of the Reproductive Organs ......................... 66
2.3.6 Systems Promoting Allogamy ................................................ 69
2.3.7 Autogamy ......................................................................... 79
2.3.8 Mixed Mating System ...................................................... 79
Bibliography ............................................................................. 79
Index ........................................................................................ 85


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